"Никогда не суди с первого взгляда ни о собаке, ни о человеке. Потому что, простая дворняга… может иметь добрейшую душу, а человек приятной наружности … может оказаться редкой сволочью…" Владимир Высоцкий

Установка Samba

Создание и настройка первичного контроллера Windows домена
с несколькими расшаренными ресурсами и общим принтером.
Администрирование домена будет осуществляться удалённо, через утилиту net.
Приведённые ниже действия выполнялись на ОС "Gentoo" и ОС "Windows10" установленной на
ВМ "Qemu"
Пакет "Samba" для своей работы требует поддержки файловых систем cifs ядром Linux.
Убедиться в поддержке ядром cifs можно, выполнив команду:

#grep CONFIG_CIFS /usr/src/linux-16.X.X-gentoo/.config

Необходимо следующее:

File Systems --->
[*] Network File Systems --->
[*] CIFS support (advanced network filesystem, SMBFS successor)--->
[*] CIFS Statistics
[*] Extended Statistics
[*] CIFS Extended Attributes
[*] CIFS POSIX Extentions

Для оптимизации производительности, размера и время сборки, используйте USE флаги.
В начале добавте файлы PPD, чтобы убедиться, что, когда CUPS будет построен,
он имеет надлежащую поддержку Foomatic:

echo "net-print/cups ppds" >> /etc/portage/package.use
echo "net-fs/samba readline cups pam" >> /etc/portage/package.use

Устанавливаем "Samba"

emerge --ask net-fs/samba

(Используя принтер HP, при необходимости, устанавливаем hplip)

Настройка конфигурационного файла

cp /etc/samba/smb.conf.default /etc/samba/smb.conf

Открываем:

vim /etc/samba/smb.conf

Наполняем следующим содержимым:

# По умолчанию в Windows установлено: workgroup = WORKGROUP

[global]

# workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name, eg: MIDEARTH


workgroup = QEMU
netbios name = GENTOO

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field


server string = QEMU Server
max protocol = smb3
unix charset = utf8
dos charset = cp1251
time server = yes

# Server role. Defines in which mode Samba will operate. Possible
# values are "standalone server", "member server", "classic primary
# domain controller", "classic backup domain controller", "active
# directory domain controller".
#
# Most people will want "standalone sever" or "member server".
# Running as "active directory domain controller" will require first
# running "samba-tool domain provision" to wipe databases and create a
# new domain.


server role = standalone server

# Security mode. Defines in which mode Samba will operate. Possible
# values are share, user, server, domain and ads. Most people will want
# user level security. See the Samba-HOWTO-Collection for details.
# security = user
# This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict
# connections to machines which are on your local network. The
# following example restricts access to two C class networks and
# the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see
# the smb.conf man page
; hosts allow = 192.168.1. 192.168.2. 127.
# hosts allow = 192.168.0.

#
Если enp3s0 является локальный сетевой интерфейс:

interfaces = lo enp3s0
bind interfaces only = yes

# If you want to automatically load your printer list rather
# than setting them up individually then you'll need this


load printers = yes

# you may wish to override the location of the printcap file


printcap = /etc/printcap

# on SystemV system setting printcap name to lpstat should allow
# you to automatically obtain a printer list from the SystemV spool
# system
; printcap name = lpstat


printcap name = cups

# It should not be necessary to specify the print system type unless
# it is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include:
# bsd, cups, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx


printing = cups

# Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd
# otherwise the user "nobody" is used
; guest account = pcguest
# this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects


log level = 1
log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

# Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).


max log size = 50

# Use password server option only with security = server
# The argument list may include:
# password server = My_PDC_Name [My_BDC_Name] [My_Next_BDC_Name]
# or to auto-locate the domain controller/s
# password server = *
; password server = <NT-Server-Name≶
# Use the realm option only with security = ads
# Specifies the Active Directory realm the host is part of
; realm = MY_REALM
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration. If you're
# migrating from < samba 3.4, you'll have to convert your old user
# passwords to the new backend with the command:
# pdbedit -i smbpasswd:/var/lib/samba/private/smbpasswd -e


passdb backend = tdbsam

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting.
# Note: Consider carefully the location in the configuration file of
# this line. The included file is read at that point.
; include = /etc/samba/smb.conf.%m
# Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
# If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them
# here. See the man page for details.
; interfaces = 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24
# Browser Control Options:
# set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
# browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply


local master = yes

# OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
# elections. The default value should be reasonable


os level = 255

# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
# allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
# if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job


domain master = yes

# Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
# and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election


preferred master = yes

# Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for
# Windows95 workstations.


logon drive =
logon home =
domain logons = yes

# if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or
# per user logon script
# run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine)
; logon script = %m.bat
# run a specific logon batch file per username
; logon script = %U.bat


logon script = %U.bat

# Where to store roving profiles (only for Win95 and WinNT)
# %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is username
# You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below
; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U


logon path =

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server


wins support = yes

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
; wins server = w.x.y.z
# WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
# behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
# at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
; wins proxy = yes
# DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
# via DNS nslookups. The default is NO.


dns proxy = no

# These scripts are used on a domain controller or stand-alone
# machine to add or delete corresponding unix accounts


add user script = /usr/sbin/useradd %u
add group script = /usr/sbin/groupadd %g
add user to group script = /usr/bin/gpasswd %u %g
add machine script = /usr/sbin/adduser -n -g machines -c Machine -d /dev/null -s /bin/false %u

# set primary group script=/usr/sbin/usermod -g %g %u


delete user script = /usr/sbin/userdel %u
delete user from group script = /usr/sbin/deluser %u %g
delete group script = /usr/sbin/groupdel %g

# ============================ Share Definitions =========================


[homes]

comment = Home Directories
browseable = no
writable = yes

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons


[netlogon]

comment = Network Logon Service
path = /srv/samba/netlogon
read only = yes
browseable = no
; guest ok = yes
; writable = no
; share modes = no

# Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share
# the default is to use the user's home directory

# [Profiles]

; path = /var/lib/samba/profiles
; browseable = no
; guest ok = yes

# NOTE: If you have a BSD-style print system there is no need to
# specifically define each individual printer

# [printers]

; comment = All Printers
; path = /var/spool/samba
; browseable = no

# Set public = yes to allow user 'guest account' to print

; guest ok = yes
; writable = no
; printable = yes
; read only = yes
; public = yes

#
Информация о драйвере принтера

[print$]

comment = Printer Drivers

#
Этот путь имеет структуру драйвера

path = /etc/samba/printer
guest ok = yes
browseable = yes
read only = yes

#
Настройка принтера для общего доступа

[HP LaserJet P1102w]

comment = HP LaserJet P1102w
printable = yes
path = /var/spool/cups
public = yes
guest ok = yes

# This one is useful for people to share files

# [tmp]

; comment = Temporary file space
; path = /tmp
; read only = no
; public = yes

# A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in
# the "staff" group


[public]

comment = Public Stuff
browseable = yes
path = /home/samba/public
public = yes
create mode = 0766
guest ok = yes
; writable = yes
; printable = no
; write list = @staff


[Документы]

comment = Windows-Gentoo
path = /home/nikolay/Документы
guest ok = No
read only = No
browseable = Yes
create mask = 774
directory mask = 775

[usb]

path = /run/media/nikolay
guest ok = No
read only = No
browseable = Yes
create mask = 775
directory mask = 775

# [incoming]

; path = /srv/samba/incoming
; writable = yes
; create mask = 0775
; force group = users
; directory mask = 0775

# [docs]

; path = /srv/samba/docs
; write list = @nt_admins

# [distrib]

; path = /srv/samba/distrib
; write list = @nt_admins

# [clients]

; path = /srv/samba/clients
; writable = yes
; valid users = @managers

samba 4

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